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COMU 1010 ART OF COMMUNICATION代寫

    COMU1010: Enacted Cultures:
    Sharing meaning
    Dr Susan McKay
    COMU 1010 ART OF COMMUNICATION代寫
    School of English, Media Studies &
    Art History.
    • Culture as system of meaning
    • Shortcuts in sharing meaning
    • Stereotypes =>Prejudice
    • Stereotyping in media
    • Public awareness and advocacy
    Lecture Outline
    COMU 1010 ART OF COMMUNICATION代寫
    • What is Diversity Week all about?
    COMU 1010 ART OF COMMUNICATION代寫
    • The University of Queensland celebrates its 10th
    annual Diversity Week with five days of activities from
    21-25 May 2012.
    • With this year's theme of Unity in Diversity, UQ aims
    to challenge its staff and students to consider how our
    identity develops from the various experiences we
    have and how we might seek to understand people
    who have grown up in very different circumstances
    from our own.
    • Not static but dynamic
    • Related to power, social position, access to
    resources
    • Like power, is/are enacted
    Culture/s
    Culture as system
    shared
    meanings
    knowledge
    rules and
    norms
    values
    Personal survey…
    You and some friends are invited to someone’s
    place for 9 pm.
    COMU 1010 ART OF COMMUNICATION代寫
    • What does this mean?
    • What kind of food/drink do you expect?
    • What time do you arrive?
    • What do you bring?
    • When do you leave?
    Problem  ……(Gallois & Callan, 1997)
    You are working in Germany and are invited to
    dinner at a colleague’s home for 8pm. You
    arrive at 8.20pm. Your German host seems a
    bit cold and angry. You have dinner almost
    immediately, but things are a bit
    strained…………………..
    Main cross-cultural misunderstandings arise
    from (Gumperz et al. 1979)
    • Different cultural assumptions about situation,
    appropriate behaviour (e.g. punctuality)
    • Different ways of structuring information (e.g.
    directness or maintaining harmony)
    • Different ways of speaking (including paralinguistics
    and non-verbals) (e.g. saying ‘yes’ but not meaning
    you agree; persistent interruption; changes in tone or
    pitch; different non-verbals)
    • i.e. not understanding the rules and norms
    Different cultural
    assumptions
    Cross-cultural
    misunderstandings
    These types of social or cultural rules and
    norms
    • Are unspoken
    • Are often learned without being ‘taught’
    • May even have taboos on discussing them
    • Are tied to cultural values
    • Seem natural.
    When ‘broken’ we assume that the person breaking
    them had the same motivation we would have
    had if we had done it
    Cross –cultural awareness training TEACHES rules
    and norms.
    ADVICE from Doing Business in China ( from http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/cross-
    cultural/cross-cultural-awareness.html)
    •Punctuality is vital when doing business in China. Ensure you are early as late arrivals are seen
    as an insult. Meetings should begin with some brief small talk. If this is your first meeting then
    talk of your experiences in China so far. Keep it positive and avoid anything political.
    •Prior to any meeting always send an agenda. This will allow you to have some control of the
    flow of the meeting. The Chinese approach meetings differently, so rather than beginning with
    minor or side issues and working your way up to the core issue, reverse this.
    •The Chinese are renowned for being tough negotiators. Their primary aim in negotiations is
    ‘concessions’. Always bear this in mind when formulating your own strategy. You must be willing
    to show compromise and ensure their negotiators feel they have gained major concessions.
    •Make sure you have done your homework before doing business in China. The Chinese plan
    meticulously and will know your business and possibly you inside out.
    •One known strategy for Chinese negotiators is to begin negotiations showing humility and
    deference. This is designed to present themselves as vulnerable and weak. You, the stronger, will
    be expected to help them through concessions.
    •Above all, be patient and never show anger or frustration. Practise your best ‘poker face’ before
    negotiating with the Chinese. Once they see you are uncomfortable they will exploit the
    weakness.
    Citationality in popular cultural knowledge
    • E.g. No soup for you – an inter-textual reference to Seinfeld
    • Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you're
    gonna get. Forrest Gump
    Political correctness as trope to condense meaning, a
    shorthand
    AND Stereotyping
    Shortcuts in sharing meaning
    • “Easy conclusions about people that reduce
    them from unique individuals to predictable
    types”  (Textbook p. 72)
    Stereotyping
    • understand the world
    • make sense of information
    • sort things in terms of similarities and
    differences
    Categorisation is used to
    When we sort people into categories, i.e.
    in terms of similarities and differences
    • We start to see members of groups as very
    similar to each other .i.e. we tend to
    minimise the differences between members
    of the same groups
    • AND we emphasise the difference between
    COMU 1010 ART OF COMMUNICATION代寫
    groups
    Since we have most contact with our own group (our in-group), we
    start to see our own group as separate and unique (but also as
    diverse)
    An out-group seems to us to
    be an homogenous group (i.e.
    not diverse)
    Pink for girls and blue for boys.....
    Pink and blue arrived, along with other pastels, as colors for babies
    in the mid-19th century, yet the two colors were not promoted as
    gender signifiers until just before World War I—and even then, it
    took time for popular culture to sort things out.
    For example, a June 1918 article from the trade publication
    Earnshaw's Infants' Department said, “The generally accepted rule
    is pink for the boys, and blue for the girls. The reason is that pink,
    being a more decided and stronger color, is more suitable for the
    boy, while blue, which is more delicate and dainty, is prettier for
    the girl.”
    http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/When-Did-Girls-Start-Wearing-
    Pink.html#ixzz1vAsBH5w0
    http://www.adcq.qld.gov.au/pubs/racial.html Anti-discrimination Commission Qld.
    What is race discrimination?
    Race discrimination means that you are treated less favourably, because of
    your race. Sometimes, this unfair treatment can be against the law. Under the
    Queensland Anti-Discrimination Act 1991 race has a broad meaning, and
    includes colour, descent or national or ethnic origin.
    • Are they inevitable?
    • Need broad audience to recognise and
    understand
    • Give a quick, common,shared understanding
    of categories related to age, class, gender,
    ethnicity, role
    • BUT?
    Stereotypes in the media
    • Mediated Cultures and
    • the brand of you
    AND discussion of final exam with some practice questions
    Next week:
     
英国代写_数学代写_c++/c代写_留学生代写怎么查出来?

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